Anne Osborn Krueger (KREE-ger) (born February 12, 1934) is an economist and was the former World Bank Chief Economist from 1982 to 1986.
She was the first Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, serving from September 1, 2001, to September 1, 2007.
She was Acting Managing Director of the Fund on a temporary basis between March 4, 2004 (resignation of Horst KÃ¶hler), and June 7, 2004 (starting date for Rodrigo de Rato’s mandate).
Beginning in the spring of 2007, she assumed the position of professor of international economics at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, DC.
Prior to joining the Fund, Anne Krueger was the Herald L. and Caroline L. Ritch Professor in Humanities and Sciences in the Department of Economics at Stanford University. She was also the founding Director of Stanford’s Center for Research on Economic Development and Policy Reform; and a Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution. Krueger had previously taught at the University of Minnesota and Duke University and, from 1982 to 1986, was the World Bank Chief Economist. She received her undergraduate degree from Oberlin College and her Ph.D. in economics from the University of WisconsinâMadison. In 2005 she was awarded the prestigious title of Honorary Patron of the University Philosophical Society, Trinity College Dublin.
Dr. Krueger is a Distinguished Fellow and past President of the American Economic Association, a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. A recipient of a number of economic prizes and awards, she has published extensively on policy reform in developing countries, the role of multilateral institutions in the international economy, and the political economy of trade policy. In a 1973 paper, she coined the term “rent-seeking.” In her 1996 Presidential address to the American Economic Association, she explored the lack of congruence between successful trade and development policies enacted worldwide and prevailing academic views.
Reforming India’s Economic, Financial and Fiscal Policies (2003, with Sajjid Z. Chinoy);
- Latin American Macroeconomic Reform: The Second Stage (2003, with Jose Antonio Gonzales, Vittorio Corbo, and Aaron Tornell);
- Economic Policy Reform and the Indian Economy (2003);
- A new approach to sovereign debt restructuring (2002);
- Economic Policy Reform: The Second Stage (2000); and
- The WTO as an International Organization (2000).